Causes and Treatments of Headache Behind The Eyes

If you experience cluster headaches or headaches behind the eyes, then you and I have something in common. See, today’s entry is one that I care deeply about because I have struggled with searing headaches behind the eyes for the past 10 years – in fact, that’s why I created this series.

I don’t know whether I originally started getting headaches behind the eyes from my experiences in Combat, past car accident, or maybe I’m just meant to have them. One thing is for sure, though: I hate ’em. Nobody deserves to have their life sucked away by the debilitating, reoccurring pain that these headaches cause. I wrote up this post to educate you on the enemy, so that you can take back control of your life.

First things first…

What Causes Headaches Behind the Eyes?

Generally speaking, the majority of causes are related to your eyes and how well they do or do not function. The second most common cause is probably related to blood flow throughout the brain and the pressure that puts on the trigeminal nerve (this is how you get cluster headaches). Here are the most common causes…

Eye Problems

There are a plethora of eye problems that can all lead to headaches behind the eyes. Each of these either puts extra pressure on your eyes or added strain. Here is a brief list, and you can tell me if any of these might ring true for you:

Incorrect or Outdated Contact Lens Prescription

Long Sightedness (Hyperopia) or Shortsightedness (Myopia)
Astigmatism – Unevenly shaped retina which leads to hazy vision
Presbyopia – When eyeballs get old and inflexible
Glaucoma – A growth somewhere around or behind your eyeball which causes extreme pain. If not dealt with quickly it can lead to blindness, so that’s just one more reason to see your doctor and get an MRI.

Sinus Headaches

When your sinuses become inflamed or infected it will typically lead to a intense, throbbing pain felt squarely between the eyes. These may be mistaken for cluster headaches or migraines, although a sinus infection or flu is easy for a doctor to diagnose (they’re also the most common causes of sinus headaches). Sinus headaches can also be caused by allergies, or getting dirty water in your nose.

Tension Headaches

Although these are rarely located directly behind the eyes, the pain they cause spreads from the temples through the forehead. High levels of stress are the most common cause of tension headaches, although other causes include sleep deprivation and hunger.

Irregular Blood Flow

As I mentioned earlier, if there is irregular blood flow through your brain it can put pressure on the trigeminal nerve, which controls the feelings in your face, as well as your nasal congestion and tear ducts. So, if there is abnormal blood flow through one side of your brain or the other, you may experience an intense, fiery pain behind the corresponding eye; this is the physiology behind cluster headaches.

How Do You Treat Headaches Behind The Eyes?

Treatment really depends on the specific cause of your headaches. For example, many times if you’re experiencing headaches from an improper lens prescription, simply correcting it will fix the problem. If you’re experiencing a sinus headache, then you probably need antibiotics.

If you’re experiencing a tension headache, then you need rest and painkillers. Migraines and cluster headaches both require medical attention, and potentially a prescription. In addition, if you keep experiencing recurring headaches behind your eyes even after home remedies, you’re always advised to talk to a doctor.